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epilepsy its causes, symptoms and treatment

epilepsy: its causes, symptoms and treatment

Epilepsy: Its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Epilepsy is a chronic disease that affects the brain and is characterized by recurrent episodes of involuntary movements that may involve part of the body or the whole body and may sometimes be accompanied by loss of consciousness, according to who.

Epilepsy occurs as a result of excessive electrical secretions in parts of the brain cells. The number of seizures that a person can experience varies from one seizure per year to several per day.

Symptoms of epilepsy

The symptoms and characteristics of seizures that affect a person vary depending on where in the brain is affected, where there are several temporary symptoms such as movement disorders and loss of consciousness

When having seizures, people with epilepsy may tend to fractures and bruises, because they are not aware of what is happening, and there are some psychological problems that they may be exposed to, such as depression.

The conflict affects nearly 50 million people around the world, and about 5 million people are diagnosed annually with epilepsy, and its proportion varies from one country to another,

as it increases in areas where malaria is frequent and others, and death rates for people with epilepsy increase three times more than ordinary people.

Causes of epilepsy

About 50% of cases of epilepsy are of unknown cause, and although epilepsy is a non-contagious disease, most of the basic pathogens can lead to epilepsy, and these causes are: genetic, infectious, immune and other examples of these causes

  • Congenital malformations and brain malformations.
  • Severe head injuries.
  • Infection of the brain, such as encephalitis.
  • A brain tumor.
  • A stroke prevents enough oxygen from being delivered.

Epilepsy treatment

70% of people with epilepsy can become completely free from epilepsy if appropriate anti-seizure medications are used, as these seizures can be controlled. Protecting the head from injury is one of the best ways to prevent epilepsy resulting from head injuries.

Prevention of stroke, which in turn leads to epilepsy. Epilepsy is a difficult disease that can make a person do things he does not want to, so if you have epilepsy or know someone who has it, advise him to take his medication regularly.

Once epilepsy has been diagnosed, a person may have to take medication every day. The type and frequency of medication depend on the person, their condition, and their doctor. Medications used to treat fits are called anticonvulsants. They are also called anti-seizure medications or anti-epileptic medications. Finding the right anti-epileptic can be a long and drawn out process. Some people may even need more than one anticonvulsant or may require additional medication apart from anticonvulsants. Remember to be patient, health can be an arduous journey.

Some people may not respond to medications. In such cases, specialists may suggest other treatment modalities such as surgery and novel therapies such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Surgery for epilepsy is not as scary as it sounds. It is grounded in sound medical and scientific work. Epilepsy surgery is usually recommended to people with focal seizures (a single, clear, defined area of abnormal electrical discharges) which are not controlled by adequate drug therapy. The aim of surgery is a complete cessation of convulsions.

In people who are not candidates for surgery, newer neurostimulation techniques like TMS can be tried. Other ways to control and reduce the severity of convulsions is getting enough sleep, eating regular meals, following a ketogenic diet, exercising, reducing stress, and other lifestyle modifications.

Epilepsy is nothing to be scared of. It can disrupt normal life but with correct diagnosis and treatment, a person with epilepsy can live a full, safe, and satisfying life. Epilepsy may not always be completely curable but it can be controlled. Don't be afraid of a diagnosis; it is the first step in a journey towards better health.

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