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How to know if a heart attack has occurred and what are its most important symptoms

 How to know if a heart attack has occurred and what are its most important symptoms

How to know if a heart attack has occurred and what are its most important symptoms 

Chest pain that feels like pressure or tightness can be a sign of serious and possibly fatal heart disease and needs to be investigated properly. A heart attack is very likely to occur when chest pain suddenly appears and is accompanied by a cold sweat. The proposed plan of action is to go to a hospital that can diagnose and treat crises involving acute heart diseases.

You need to go to a hospital emergency room and tell medical professionals right away that you have chest pain or discomfort. Your blood pressure, pulse, oxygen saturation, temperature, inquiries regarding your chest pain, physical examination and electrocardiogram (ECG) will be taken by the nurse and doctor who will be looking after you.

An EKG is done as a basis for early decision making and helps your doctor determine if you are having an acute heart attack (ST-elevation myocardial infarction, STEMI), which is a type of heart attack caused by a sudden blockage of the artery that supplies your heart's muscles.

There are different types of chest pain

Being able to differentiate between different types of chest pain is essential for assessing one's health and understanding risks. Distinguishing between different causes of chest discomfort is essential for accurate diagnosis and treatment. Heart-related problems are often associated with heart pain in the chest, which is usually described as tightness or pressure in the chest.

It usually spreads to the left side of the chest, and can also affect the arm, jaw, or neck. Conversely, non-heart-related chest discomfort may be caused by a number of conditions, including musculoskeletal problems (such as muscle strains or rib injuries), anxiety or panic disorders, or digestive problems (such as acid reflux or heartburn). stomach), or respiratory problems (such as pleurisy or costochondritis).


1. Chest pain or discomfort, which usually occurs on the left side of the chest but may occur anywhere between the neck and the navel, is a symptom of a heart attack. It is often described as extreme discomfort or heaviness.

2. Sometimes, you may feel pain in your arm, jaw, teeth, neck, upper abdomen, or back. You may also have breathing difficulties, nausea or vomiting, sweating, disorientation, or blackout/collapse during a heart attack .

Treating a heart attack 

1. For complete occlusion (STEMI), the blocked artery must be opened as soon as possible. The following two options are available: Primary PCI is performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, which is a specialized X-ray room.

2. The second method of treatment involves injecting a thrombolytic drug, which is a drug that dissolves blood clots, into a vein, where it travels through the blood circulation and dissolves the blood clot in the heart. This medication works best when taken within three hours of feeling chest pain. Thrombolytic therapy is a very effective treatment, although it may not be able to reopen the artery, necessitating an angioplasty.

 Doing exercise

Heart attack survivors often experience anxiety when it comes to future physical activity, exercise, and even returning to work. Cardiac rehabilitation consists of a series of physical exercises performed by physiotherapists over a period of six weeks. It measures the strength of the heart, blood pressure, and heart rate. After a heart attack, most people can resume functioning within a month.


The best way to prevent a heart attack is to make lifestyle changes and have regular health checkups. Eating a healthy diet, adopting an active lifestyle through regular exercise, maintaining weight and avoiding tobacco should be part of lifestyle changes. Regular health screenings can help diagnose risk factors early and prevent complications such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. Regular health checkups should include blood tests, ECG, 2D echocardiogram, and stress tests if the patient already has certain factors related to a heart attack.

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