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Sources of vitamins and their uses in skin and hair care products

Sources of vitamins and their uses in skin and hair care products

Sources of vitamins and their uses in skin and hair care products 

Vitamins and minerals are essential ingredients of various skin care products to maintain your hair and skin. Various vitamins and minerals obtained from a balanced diet enter the bloodstream to maintain various biological processes in our bodies.

The topical application of vitamins through skin care creams, lotions, and ointments is beneficial to good skin health. The internal and external use of a multivitamin is important for the health of your skin. Therefore, we need to include vitamin rich foods, vitamin rich skin and hair care products in our daily routine.

Natural foods containing vitamins

The best dietary sources of fat-soluble vitamins are:

  • Vitamin A: fish, animal liver, dairy products, oranges, ripe yellow fruits, leafy green vegetables, carrots, pumpkin, zucchini, spinach, etc.
  • Vitamin D: Fish, meat, offal, eggs, dairy products, fungi, etc.
  • Vitamin E: Many fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, seed oils, etc.
  • Vitamin K: Green leafy vegetables like cabbage, kale, spinach, poultry, eggs, natto, beef, fish, etc.

The best food sources of water-soluble vitamins are:

  • Vitamin C: It is found abundantly in all kinds of citrus fruits and juices, such as oranges, grapefruits, and others.
  • Vitamin B1 or thiamine: enriched grains, seeds, etc.
  • Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin: Dairy products, bananas, green beans, asparagus, whole grains, enriched grains, etc.
  • Vitamin B3 or Niacin: Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, many vegetables, mushrooms, tree nuts, whole grains, etc.
  • Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid: chicken, meat, broccoli, avocado, legumes, whole grains, etc.
  • Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine: fortified cereals and soy products.
  • Vitamin B7 or biotin: many fruits and meats.
  • Vitamin B9 or folic acid: leafy green vegetables.
  • Vitamin B12: Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, etc.

1. Vitamin A

  • Vitamin A or a retinoid is the only nutrient that can reprogram your cells.
  • It can boost collagen and elastin production. These are the important proteins that promote the health of your skin and reduce visible signs of aging such as open pores, fine lines, and pigmentation spots.
  • Vitamin A also helps normalize the appearance of pigmentation.
  •  It has the ability to normalize the action of tyrosinase, an enzyme that produces melanin.

2. Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3 or Niacin is a water-soluble micronutrient that is used in many ways in our bodies. It helps convert nutrients into energy, create cholesterol and fats, create and repair DNA, and exert antioxidant effects. Niacinamide supplements are a good topical agent found in creams and serums.

  • The anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties of Vitamin B3 are beneficial for healthy skin. It rejuvenates the skin by supplying the cells with energy and works well to treat post-acne marks.
  • A form of Vitamin B3, Niacinamide works with the natural substances in your skin to reduce enlarged pores, tighten pores, uneven skin tone, and dullness.
  • Niacinamide supplements also help replenish and restore the skin's surface against transcutaneous moisture loss by improving ceramide production.
  • In combination with Vitamin C and Glutathione it can help improve skin tone and reduce dark spots in our skin.

3. Vitamin B5

  • Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid is a natural humectant that prevents water loss from our skin and keeps our face hydrated. Using a serum containing vitamin B5 helps absorb water for your skin when you suffer from dry or rough skin.
  • It is found in many anti-aging products to smooth fine lines in your skin by plumping up the top layer.
  • Promotes production of glutathione, a powerful antioxidant that fights free radical damage caused by exposure to UV rays and polluted products.
  • The healing and anti-inflammatory properties of Vitamin B5 can help heal wounds and unhealthy skin conditions such as cystic acne, eczema, and rosacea.

4. Vitamin C

Vitamin C plays a role in controlling inflammation and wound healing in our skin. It is useful for making the fibrous protein collagen in connective tissue that helps control various biological processes such as the nervous system, immune system, bone metabolism, and others. It also helps produce many of the hormones and chemicals used in the brain and nerves. Vitamin C creams and serums make our skin healthy and prevent premature aging and further breakdown of the skin barrier.

  • The photoprotective properties of vitamin C can be used to improve your skin's barrier against sun damage.
  • Powerful antioxidant properties can help fight free radical damage and target premature signs of aging such as pigmentation and premature fine lines.
  • It also helps heal wounds formed in our skin.
  • Vitamin C is involved in collagen synthesis and controls melanin production. It helps lighten hyperpigmentation spots in our skin and helps skin rejuvenation.

5. Vitamin E

Like Vitamin C, Vitamin E also has antioxidant properties. It is a fat-soluble vitamin used in soothing lotions and creams.

  • Alpha-tocopherol is the most active form of Vitamin E that has photoprotective properties to absorb UV light.
  • Aids in the biosynthesis of collagen and elastin which helps build healthy skin.
  • Alpha tocopherol works as a good antioxidant when combined with Vitamin C. This combination is used to prevent the toxic effects of free radicals.
  • A topical form of vitamin E is used to relieve burns and infections.

6. Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that mainly aids in blood clotting and bone building in our bodies. The anti-inflammatory action of this vitamin is good for our skin. It is non-irritating and safe to use on all skin types, even sensitive ones.

  • Promotes wound healing: Vitamin K may improve wound healing in the skin by increasing wound contraction. It helps in the formation of collagen and blood vessels. Therefore, it can be used in postoperative cream formulation that is beneficial in wound healing and reducing swelling.
  • Antioxidant properties: It has the ability to detoxify reactive oxygen species that are formed when our skin is exposed to UV rays and pollution.
  • Fade under eye circles: Most of the vitamin skin care products claim to brighten the under eye area.
  • Dark spots: Doctors may prescribe vitamin K creams to patients who need help reducing swelling or bruising. It also has the ability to improve the appearance of stretch marks by increasing the elasticity of our skin.