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What is chronic heart failure? What are the normal and apparent causes of chronic heart failure?

What is chronic heart failure? What are the normal and apparent causes of chronic heart failure?  

What is chronic heart failure? What are the normal and apparent causes of chronic heart failure?

Heart failure is a term used to depict the condition when the heart is no longer prepared to maintain its capacity - that is, to maintain adequate production of the heart and blood vessels (to pump blood satisfactorily) or to be able to do so simply because it is under so much stress that it is causing damage to itself. As it was, the heart is exhausted and the pumping activity is disrupted causing heart failure. 

The heart does not completely break or stop working (as in the cardioid, a circumstance in which the heart really stops beating), but it works less adequately. Heart failure can proceed rapidly due to some significant event such as a heart attack , or gradually. In these mild cases, the heart regularly adjusts to working harder for some time.

The usual causes of chronic heart failure:

• Heart disease where the heart does not get enough oxygen.

• Previous heart attack

• Hypertension

• Diabetes: doubles the risk of permanent heart failure in men and increases the chances of women five times.

Less common causes of chronic heart failure:

• Dilated cardiomyopathy: A condition in which the heart becomes larger and more dilated for no known cause.

• Valvular heart disease: the narrowing of the aorta in particular, where the blood has difficulty moving beyond one of the true valves in the heart.

The major causes of chronic heart disease:

Valvular heart disease: the mitral valve and the aorta are overflowing (also called 'defective valves', as blood can flow back through them).

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy: An excess of alcohol can make the heart grow larger, affecting its pumping less effectively.

• Irritation of the heart muscle, or myocarditis.

• Arrhythmia •

HIV-associated cardiomyopathy.

• Some medicines, especially really dangerous ones, can cause damage to the heart.

Preventive cardiomyopathy: The heart stops beating sufficiently by something stopping it, which can lead to a mysterious cause, or it can be elective for an infiltrative infection, for example, amyloidosis.

Way of life Factors affecting chronic heart failure:

• Smoking.

• Obesity.

• Excessive drinking of alcohol.

• Excessive consumption of salt.

• Foods high in fat.

Few patients with heart failure are in any way aware of this problem until the point where it develops into a more realistic setting, called congestive heart failure. "Congestive" refers to the fluid development that occurs when the heart lags behind. Since the heart is not adept at getting blood out, there is less blood leaving the heart, so less blood that benefits the heart. This leads to weight gain which causes the surrounding tissues to drain. All the while in this stage, patients begin to see indications and seek help. 

Regular indications for infinitesimal heart failure include:

1. Shortness of breath during exercise: While this can start with just exercise, in the long run it can become so appalling that there is shortness of breath when simply going for a walk, or not being able to bear it when very still. 

2. Shortness of breath at rest (orthopnoea): Oftentimes individuals say they need more pillows to “support themselves” during the evening, or else they will become shy of breathing. 

3. Episodes of shortness of breath in the evening that wake you up. This has the therapeutic name for paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. Heart palpitations where you can feel your heart pounding in your chest. Loss of hunger, acid reflux, and nausea If chronic heart failure occurs, fluid can develop, leading to swollen feet and legs.

How is chronic heart failure diagnosed?

There are heaps of tests that a specialist can do in case of persistent heart failure. These tests can be used to diagnose the condition as well as tell how severe it is. Primarily, the specialist may need to perform some blood tests to monitor the functioning of the kidneys, the capacity of the liver, the capacity of the thyroid gland, and the measurement of cells in the blood. There are also two types of hormones found in the heart chambers called ANP and BNP. They are discharged when the heart is dilated (as in unending heart failure) and therefore can be tried as well. Next, the specialist may need to determine exactly how much exercise and work the patient can do. There are some tests for this:

• Six-Minute Walk: The six-minute walk test involves walking a 25-meter circular path as many times as conceivable in six minutes. If a man begins to walk less and less each time, this is a sign that the disease is worsening.

• Exercise test: It includes riding a bicycle or treadmill and finding out how much exercise a man can do.

There are also a few different types of special tests that can be done if specialists are helpful:

• Electrocardiogram (ECG): It measures the electrical movement of the heart and can give sets of data about any variations from the norm.

• Chest X-ray: There is a group of changes in the X-ray caused by heart failure.

• Echocardiogram: This is similar to an ultrasound of your heart, and can give data about your bloodstream and valve capacity.

Coronary angiography: This involves placing some colors through a small tube in the heart vessels and seeing where the color flows, which gives a smart idea of ​​the blood flow to the heart.

• Atomic cardiology: Nuclear scans, for example, cardiac nuclear scans can provide some useful data about blood flow to the heart.

Spirometry: This test checks how well the lungs are working and can prevent various causes of wind, especially in smokers.

How is chronic heart failure treated?

There are a few treatment techniques that aim to enhance both the indications and life expectancy of persistent heart failure. And the way of life changes in chronic heart failure.

1. Enhanced Diet and Weight Loss: This will enhance exercise flexibility and personal satisfaction. Reducing fat is especially important for people with poor blood flow to the heart. 

2. Exercise is especially necessary in a person with cardiovascular insufficiency. Sometimes the production of the heart can be so shocking in the case of persistent heart failure that too little blood reaches the digestive system and this can lead to blockage, so eating methodologies rich in fiber are usually suggested.